Hydraulic fracturing is a means of extracting natural gas from shale formations such as the Antrim and Utica-Collingwood. It is a proven technology in the state of Michigan and is governed by stringent standards and regulations to protect the environment and citizens.
Hydraulic fracturing is an advanced, effective technique whereby “fracturing fluids”, comprised of more than 99.5 percent water and sand, and less than 0.5 percent chemicals, are injected under high pressure into a shale formation, creating fissures that free the natural gas to flow from rock pores where it is trapped. To learn more about hydraulic fracturing, watch the video below. In just a few minutes, you will gain an understanding of the critical steps taken before hydraulic fracturing even begins; the safety measures used to protect the fresh water aquifer; and the hydraulic fracturing process itself.
Click Image for Video Explaining Horizontal Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing
Nearly 80 percent of natural gas wells drilled in the next decade will require hydraulic fracturing because it allows access to formations, like shale oil and shale gas, available now as a result of technological advances. Those of us in Michigan, however, have the benefit of gaining from the experience of an industry that has used this technology in nearly one million wells for more than 60 years. The combined expertise of thousands of workers in this field has developed comprehensive standards, procedures and regulations to protect citizens and the environment.
- Hydraulic Fracturing - What Are U.S. Officials Saying? (Downloadable)
- Hydraulic Fractuing in Michigan (from MOGPEF)
- FAQs about Hydraulic Fracturing in Michigan (from MOGPEF)
- Hydraulic Fracturing: Unlocking America’s Natural Gas Resources
- Hydraulic Fracturing At a Glance
Energy policy is a stark determinant of national security and economic security. Our nation is the single-largest consumer of energy on the planet, and for good reason. We have a nation and allies to defend, cities to power, people to feed, goods to manufacture and transport, and information to process.